Chronicle from Adelaide, South Australia, Australia (2024)

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Tie Narraooorte District Council has detiled te make ao effort to induce landowners to eradicate the stinkwort weed which has made ita appearance in the Narraeoorte district Mora good would have mulled bed they ooped with the weed some months ago before the teed tiptoed As with the star thiatle eo with the etiukwort Quarrelling still kept alive in the Nam cootie District OooooiU Chairmen Park Lawrie atd Councillor IQ Peake keep the balirellirg now that the late Chairman Browniri CooDcdlor Ash have left that body Itfloecxawaa co general at Mount Gambier a netk or two ago that acarotly a houatbold was free from it Ibero being one or more of the residents laid up with it in eaob of the bourne Since then a much more severe type of the disease strosgly resembliDg typhoid fever baa made ita opprenoe but fortoMtely not many bare been affected ty it Mr A Spawn the fruit growing and pre cervirg 'Xpert of Melbourne baa been engaged by Mr Jbn Biddocb ot YaUuo Park Penoia to lay cut and manage fata pt ejected fruit growing colony there Mr spawn who baa bad kog experituoe in California and ele where aa an orabardiat baa ueued a cireular for the information of all who are likely to taka a practical interest in toe proponed colony" iu which he elates that the eoil and climate i not MOtlhd in Australia for fruit growing No cdo who knows the country will deny thia To encourage bona fide settlemeat Mr Riddcch offers the land at £l0 per acre payable in 10 yean 6 pet cent intereat payable in advance each year Seitlera of email meant would be accommodated with money bearing the lowest rate of interact for a term of four years ruit and vegetable pre Mtticg works will be started at ones in the co*key which will te tbe means of giving the aetikra an income while tbe fruit tree are Ccmlug to bearing age At tbe laat meeting of the Mount Gambier bran of tbe Agricultural Bureau it waa de CMltd that lbw corporation and (jiatiict crautila beaibi dto fiod ground in which on Arb Day tbe children ot tbe town could plant trees Tbe mortality among tbe nativaa baa been very naidtrable tbe neighborhood of Kixgrtio duing ths paat few weeks and it is efat'd that tbe time ia not far distant when tbe rare will be extinct in that district A mob 160 horses left Kingaton on Msy 31 lor the Adelaide market Earlier in tbe with a mob left Rube for the same deatioation Bcrte bretding haa not been a profitable occu pation in those districts for come yeara pwt for purchaae But tnry eectiow almost In clades ptam land with the corah and tbe meeting agreed that the fair valuation ahould bold per core lot rant and from 6 to 10a for puichaaet The land law aa it at praseat stands waa also eenridored and it re ceived that tbe membeia of Parliament for the district be requested to effect the fotlowbag amendments of the Land Act That au payments on purchaaing leaver go towarda tbe puthaae That the present land boards bo abclhbed and the dirtriot couctila bo ap toted land boards for their several dirtrlota That a lioit be placed on tbe number of nerve to be bald on purcbaaing fence 4 That simultaneous applicationa fur land be decided lot Tbe meeting also detided to aen i a copy of tbeie propored am ndmenta to each of tbe fsimera aaeomationa in tbe colony YATINA Mat 36 The continued drought ba fairly broken up or tfae last 10 nays we have bad splendid in letnucteLt rain totalling about three inciiea Thia baa put a different complexion on matter onrieuliural and farmers are making every effort to iDtteaeo their tillage Many are Buffering from what appears to bi to fiestas in a mild form Iregittto record tbe death ot Mr A Coalmen the 11th tost at tbe early age ot 35 Odo bundled boraemeu and maroor ia 70 traps followed his remains gigfrirt tondig Report of council meettego nurt reach Ibis oAm bj We4tuday la each wk to recur laaartiM tea midb wert Canebould bo taken that prem capita are CitM h4 legible ALMA LAIN 3 May 24 All Oraraeer reported re bad rate of road near to De re pair'd fence to be shifted and road trade preamble Clack appointed returning Settlor coming election Contract No 31 no tender accepted Contract No 31 tendr at 4 34 per cubic yard accepted Deputation from Hatnley BnJge sequreted council to re erect Modi Wirra bndge cntcoil to do all in its power to have it rebuilt Deputatkn also compteiaed of atray cattie roaming about the streets Ham'ey Bridge i nd pcioted out necessity a pound Or Doyle to make enquiries re crea tion of p'juud yards Maia rolls £36 7r 4d account A £1 Ids CRAERL May 33 Present AU Mei rs Viaca SteDtiford and Boaython wrote calling atten tion to culvert neat tbeir property to be attend'd to when funds admit Mr ii dim well fftred to do tome repairs to roaJ near bii ptopetiy for £4 to stand over Clerk inform Mr 3 Wakefield that tbe council wUl lake steps to close Mount street through Mrs property Crafere tbe prise to ba £20 per acre and all costa added Me Hann objected to tbe road through Lis pro perty being opened until it is fenced Chair man to attend next meeting of the patriot Councils AmmIMah Crs Gore Carsick and Oliver to retire by tffluxin of time and Or Welfare by ballot Mr Scott ai auditor Milford appointed returniog offir Work Spreading metal divisional road north and Stirling roods £77 18s 2d main roads £113 8s 61 Looal Board of Constable Maggie reported a pigsty in a dirty state at Uraille to be attend'd to ENCOUNTER BAY May AIL Sveetmwn allowed another week to complete bir contrart at 6ht milepost Tf cders Cutting on ed to mice Swain at £3 Ur 61 frnting at Port Victor Geo Jeffrey at £6 Sr Or Grosvenor to attend next meeting of DU Association Hmu Downer to be asked to try and obtain an extra £500 for the main roads Traders to be called for renting the Bloff Motion for one year slsi repairs to road near bridge (luman) GILBERT May 17 Preeent AIL rom Mr Bsndtrco*ck asking council to either sell or Itaae road between sections 331 anl 231a i reply that council prefer leasing at 3s 6d per sere Attention also drawn to badfate of road adjoining section 75 and re questing that 5 of road ba made to be dtua when funds admit Norton and WbeUer retire by rotation and Or Cterke by ballot Clerk to ask Sadlleworth council to Co operate in repairing road near Over seer instructed bridge at tbe reservoir re paired also culvert at and spoon drain at Maintenance Bsdlle worth and Marrabel road A McKenzie 4s Maintenance Kapunda anl Taclee road no tinder to te readveitieed Receipts £40 8a 3d Payments £41 16s 6d main roads £6316r LINCOLN May Crs Oswald (chair) Talkr Dstiiog Eras Anderson Puckridge and Dotwar Memo from Crown lAnda dated May stating tbet £71 hrs been placed to credit of main road fund Realisation rewived from Ur Evea Cr Evan to withdraw Or Dirward also retiree Crs Oswald Puckridgv and Parting retire by 'tfluxion of time Clerk to be returning ffioer Clerk to send notices to all post ofSces that arrears of rates unpaid by June 1 next will be sued for Members of the district to te asked to endeavor to amend tbe District Councils Act authorising conntiU to levy a tax on sheep for wild dog dertrootioo Not mote than £10 to te epeat on Mikkeca toad Tbe Coaubusioner of Crown Lauds to allow the Oonttrvator of orests to draw a plan for pleating trees In the perk lands anl that the Consetvaior of orests be allowed to visit tbe distrivt Tbe council deoiled to set apart a portion of land for planting treea on Arcor Day (first riday in Angust) Ac counts paraed and paid £17 13a lid tender accepted for for making picket fence anl one gate Ooutiaot 10 Tyler accepted providing and spreading gravel 3s 84 per chain Contract 11 Lewis accepted 18a and 4s per chain Contract 12 Tyler aoeeoted 12a and 4s per chain Contract oliert accepted £1 18a and la 6d chain Contract 14 Ccddeford nceepd £1 18s and 10a per chain Contract 16 Tyler acoepted la 8d ard la 8d pr ebsiu Contract 16 to be relet Contract 17 oliert acoepted pa par chair PAVNEUAM Ore Gilding Hann and Pitt Mr tender fo hauling road roUer at £1 8s per day eoo pt Messrs Hawker A Bon and try wrote making enquiries as to fencing frontages of allotments clerk to reply Owner of van lying in road at Glyode to have notus to re move same at oooe ot council would do so at owner's expense Chairman and Or Gilding ratiraby rotation and Or Pitt by ballot Rseripta 18c payments £7 te 6d Main Oveneer reported that Messrs White and Greene bad delivered 26 yards of metal ovr their contract council will nosey same Paiaoenie £134 14a 2d RHYNIE My 34 All except Cr Gao Kirk Joo Boyne nuplied ter thee weeks ixtetaion ot time on contract No 37 1 granted THE SOUTH AUSTRALIAN CHRONICLE SATURDAY MAY 31 1890 13 Tenders accepted District roads contract No ML Riordan £4 19s saaia toads contract No 13 Walter Treagua 3s 4d per yard Reesfpta £35 15 6d Payments General £ti SADDLEWORTH May Proecot Oro Richardson (chair) rost Eckermaan and Ackermann Requisition received from 14 ratepayers asking to have north ride of Belvi dete ioad planted with popper trees from rad creating to institute to be done Notios to be given that all rates not paid within 14 days te sned for Tenders to te called foe about tight chaiis new road on Auburn and Manoora main road and for about 6 chains on Steelton road near railway Or Eokermann waa teltoled out and Crs Eckermana and sitbe retire by i (fluxion ct time for Saddle worth wmd Lieoaay waa balloted out aa auditor and tbe reaignation of Tavaader was accepted to data from after next audit All available ties gauds ia Saddleworth to be told Main road accounta £63 14s district accounts £9 16s SPALDING May Pre Tbe chairman and Cre Galr tin eiville and Maalin Clerk toeb fam Decenary number of dog diaca Circular Item Ttrcwie council re forming Northern Council Awodation considered un C'tirable to oppose patent atiociatiou Mr Gto appointed district constable Prettnt asa'ftment with necessary alteration waa adopt'd tor 1890 9L Cre Gale and Maalin tetite by rotation and Cr Summerville by ballot and Auditor Campbell by rotation Clerk appointed returning offiott Or Gale called attention to etale of creek between teas 163 and 364 Andrews alio to the state of spocc draiu at Mr Bommerville's dam to be attended to Payments £37 15 3J Main Orerrter reported repairs dona at Detp Ctatk bridge Payments £3 IS UPPER WAKEIELD May All except Mr Allan Bobeiltcn Letter from Rbynie council re placing tKundary mg on schedule of main roads members for Woorccta (Metin Catline and Kelly) to be atked to use tbeir iiflaence in the matter rom Crown Landa notifying grant £121 10 tn aecouot A main roads Letter from warden cf staDCarde giving parttcolare as to cost Ac of standard weights to stand over for the pterenf Tenders Contract 19 for roiling main roads at per day Henry Hi Arb ton (accepted) 17 6L per day District Contract No 65 tup metal Hog 6 tbain and spoon drain near Ston'kani'a East Auburn James Axford's tcDdtr No 1 £110 per chain No 3 SOr Innip sum contract 6 tp metal ling fold clearing silt near corth of Wateivale Gto Hunter (accepted) £4 6 lump sum contract 67 filling bole and ruts aid aho aide drain near Kirk's Lng Golly Wm Alford (accepted) No 1 £1 limp aura No 3 Sa 6d pr chain Tenders to be called for 3 cbains forming and metalling Burke's aid aUo fur rut fiilirg near Hector Chairman and Cr A Robeiteon retire by rotation and Cr Chpgttt by resignation Senior auditor (Hr badco*ck) retina by rotation aa provided by Councils Act 1887 Letters of condolence to be sent to Mrs Blood and Mrs Bleeohmora Receipts £10 9 Main road and £53 It's 103 aiatrict fund £23 12 34 WEIT TORREN3 May 21 Crs Kuwell (chair) Gray and Turntr Three weeks' of time granted Youcg on oontracta 8 and 9 mortal from JI residents near ulham re damsaes likely to te sustained tf tbe obstruc tions weie not removed from knidge Crown Landa Department have prtniiMd a new bridge Circular from District CtuDuls Association re business for Juneceeting Chaiiman and Cr Gray to attend as dthgate Tender for making culvert at Cowandillah not accepted too high Receipts £13 16s 91 £9J 10s 6d main roads £126 YANKAL1LLV May All except Crs Malt home and Tonkin Cr Gieen to got culvert ('paired HUI Repairs to te done near dairy factory A aewment revised Pay Dutrict fund £36 13s 3d Receipts £13 15 ATAL A NORTH My Tbe chairman and Ora n'aHotkirg and Dart rom Crown Lands Office notifying that the Treasurer had ranted £100 to repair damage to mala roods Cb airman appointed returning officer for en roirg elt ctiocs to let repairs on Slaw road Dry Crock Clrk to serve notice on Hooper to remove embankment from footpath tiritobury and open culvert Reotitps £49 13 3dC Paymente £6 lli 3d main roads £176 it 7d The recommendation ot the committee ap pointed by the Government to select a fitting man for the position ot inspector ot working men's blocks haa been acted on by the Govern eat and Mr Easebius Wileou bos received tbe office bis appointment dating tram May 25 The Government oculd hardly do otherwise seeing the committee were asked to recommend one applicant only The task was both arduous ard nnoctgcDial to several of its members as He applications were unusually numarous aa wtll aa very good and the final selection was only arrived at by tbe chairman's carting vote Tbe gentleman recommended had already done goid service in the cause of tbe blockers and his capacity and fitness are well known Many ot tbe spplicantibad had teng training in certain directions and it does not detract from tbe muita of tbe successful man to say that their qualifications in very many respects wore quite aabiab aa his but bis experience his know ledge cl tbe ryatem aid tbe work te had already done were stroog practical tcati niala on his behalf la addition to thi numerous tetters and petitions from all parts of she country were sent ia by tbe blockers themselves stating that the appointment which baa teen made would be tbe one most aocept able to them Thia bears out tbe belief that amoDgat those most concerned the selection will be popular Tbe future willsbow whether tbe choice baabern a successful one Thweisone point which must be adverted to in connection with the possible failure of the office itself It will toon become apparent whether one man ia equal to tbe work of inspecting the numeroas blocks that are scatter'd up and down the colory and cf gtriog in addition tbe amount of instruction to those blockers whose notions of horticulture may be very primitive There is distinctly a canse tor tbe expression ot doubt on this head Ao inspector for tbe north aed one for tbe south weald each find bis time fully cccupied Tbe suggestion haa been made to tbe Government but it ia more than probable that they consider they have iu tbe meantime dene tnough to test tfae advantages of the new airaogemebt Tbe matter should he reconsidered when the Ertimates are under discussion and it woald te quite open for some member of the House whoueethe force of our suggestion to take it up and secure an additional inspector In this way Che full success which is expected from tbe GoveramtDt inspection of the block system will be reached If a duplicate appointment had at thia moment been possible the task of selection would have been mueb easitr is evident" says the European Mail of April 25 a that a Mia Ellen Brown or Ellen Mnism Batgets whatever her name may be wto hat recently been btfore tbe Bodmin Qusrt'r Sessions has mistaken her profession The lady previous to her laat adventure had alieady made several appearances before tbe public for ate had teen tbe observed ot all observers at tbe general gaol delivery st Ghee triton in Cambridge ia tbe year 1888 and she came before the notice ot tbe Reccrder at Plymouth at tbe beginning of last year when she waa ordered into retirement for 16 months at her expanse Carted with an inventive tun she has just concocted a most extraordinary and plausible story about a whole ecore ot relativea ot hen whose residence she had Id Ler playful fancy fixed at a sheep station io tbe wilds of South Auatralia One ot a certain Uncle bad she said left dt Blszey in OornwaJL 40 years ago without a ptnoy and had met with such success in tbe ab'tp farming line that he bad accumulated money at the rate ot a thousand a year which would givt him £40C(0atthe present time This itesgiDary relation Ellen killed and mode him leave btr so she says £3000 Theo aa part ot the plot she assumed tbe name of her aiater ard wrote a letter to hnelf from Caltowie Booborowie Nortn Adelaide informing herself of the legacy MinBt owl's next act waa to ebow tbu letter to bankers and lawyers and obtain from them imall inma for tbe payment of the preliminary expeosfs ot obtaining tbe £2000 and among otter things she announced her intention ot doingwben the received it was to gdta divorce film ter husband and proceed to treah fields and partures new io tbe lovely vicinity ot Csltowie Booborowie or Yarroway YoDgala she baa not quite decided wbicji Tbe chairman however of the Qoerter Sessions at Bodmin expressed bls ccuKs aa to the bvua tides of the stjry the ingenious romancer baa had to retire again lor 12 months to the shades of Bodmia Gaol and thue be kept to bard labor This is cer tainly a poor fate lor a lady of property and a lady of ingenuity who was able to boast that she bad oiddted tbe bankers and lawyers cut ot £100 by means of the letter from the Aostialiau station with a euphonious name One ot the curious parts ot tbe story is that tbe present owner if 'Booborowie is now resident in England and no other than Mr Browoe of Buckland tlletgh Higbamptou North Devon Mias Brown however spells Ler cine without au tore ta APPROACHING LAUD SALES Jess it gah of pastoral lands situated usS of bcndrtd Gtea Boy north ot Bordertown north east Menus Monster sod north ot bundrsda Lssdssr aaa Ptacoek Lssos tor grating purposes hiudred ot Mount Muirbesd Joas gaio of paatoral Itaam to the Korthera Vonttoty on and soar ths Roper River AGRICULTURAL NOTES Light showers have fallen at intervals daring the week and when not obscured by clouds tbe son baa shone out with considerable warmth These are conditions eminently suited to vigorous growth and a little more of enab weather wuld make a vast differaDCS io the appearance of the country No doubt a gool resting downpour would bo welcome but we should be tbaikful that we have been favored to the extent we bav6 of late with regard to rsin fcr it baa been ot such a character that the soil got tbe toll benefit ot all that fell Agricultural sffsiro in Victoria ara that rpokenot ia the Leader of Saturday ite rains have fallto over the greater portionf tbe colony during she past week but as utual te or two localities do not seem to have participated The western district haa scarcely vnited at all so far However tbe indi cations are that moisture will soon prevail generally Tbe charge will do aa incalculable amount of good in preparing tbe soil fee ploogbirg and in giving growth to the grass which baa bffn vry much dried eff by the ccDbuncua frost which have been experieooed for st me tin past The crops that are already in the ground should begin to show some advsDcttLent but the temperature ia mean while rather low to improve pastures Tbe isiDfail has bitn baitea with delight by the cotlhetn faru vr many ot whom Dad either cot ccmneuced or have bad to cease ploagbiog and touirg oawg to the dryness of tbu soil ield operation will now be pushed on very rapidly Lccutts aie still ravaging tbe farms in tbe Dco*kie district Victoria sod Mr Pye of the Dochie Agricultural College is now studying the habits cf the ioi'cts with a view todiscover rone practical means ot destroying their eggs or otherwise minin iring tbeir d'strnrtiveneaa Mr ye finds that the Auttralian locust io of the same order as the Colorado insect ol tbe sane tame aih terne slight variations in form It has bon gt nt rally tuppored that the locust has a preference for hard ground on which to depotit Ha tggo bat observations made at Double show lhat they are equally partial to ooft'grt ULd espeeia'ly if it be of a sanJy Datate nbicb attracts the rays and assiata the ptcetssof batching A trial of a steam plough took place recently on Mr Orange Tree Point arm near Wtgga with rtftrence to which we find thefdlcwirg in a contemporary The engine end pkngb a five furrowed one used tor the trial a ere made by Mesrs John owler Co Letds Ergland There were about 309 persc nron the ground and all oe'ined greatly inter' tltd in tbe performance Tbe ground itltcted for the trial waa bard sod also very rough ttus giving tbe plongh as severe a test as could be given in the district Tbe plough used was one of five fatrows and mtde strong (noufih toturnov'ra metal road Two men with ibis engine and plough can turn over resdy for tted one acre of ground of tbe stiff'bt kind per hour acd on fine losmy toil two acres The ngine consumes about 10 cwt ol eoal or about dcuble that quantity of wood with about 810 galloon of water per day ol 10 boms Owing however to tbe engine used on this occasion havir jost finished a long season travelling with and ororking a large thresher it was 'lightly cut ol working order Tbe trial on tte whole waa an unqualified succes gving entire to a number of ex peri'Cd farmers The ground was left in plend id eider to receive the seed considering its bardo'es and a uniform depth maintained all through It is claimed for thio machinery llat ploughing can be done at the cost of about Sa 3d yer sere and considering that the cost cf the plant engine aid plough is only about IbCO this is a gieat ccmiaerauon in addition to heirs able to put the engine to various other cws It is stated that in New Zealand where three ploughs are largely used one plough ot eight fiirton drawn by an eight horse power traction 'rgine ploughed a field of 16 axes 7 itcb'O deep in eight hours Mr Theodore Wright Queensland has pat 'bted a tew invention for making batter by an automatic proeera The Melbourne Leader ot May 24 says Last Saturday morning Mr Wright put his uacbice to a practical tert at tbe dairy fa of Mr William Castles at Holmview near Eeenlcigh Its fall capacity waa gallons ot cteacr and on the said occs'ii he put into is nearly 4 gallons and in about two bcurs alter setting it to work took from it butter teady for wasbitg The machine deals so thoroughly with tne cream that nothir save a dear liquid like whey io pressed tier'll' while it io in operation and when that io all pressed out ot it the solid mass ot while batter needs farther manipulation for about 20 misut? atd then it is ready for final trtatrt'nt aod salting The completed product io perbare a little paler in color than some but it is in fisvor and bouquet equal to anything (hat can be tarned cut from a churn and tbe duet advantage claimed for tbe invention over all present methods of churning io that it allowo do better to pue away in tbe water as is invariably the case where cream is ehorned The machines can be oouitturted so to suit any dairy and deal with I or 100 gallons ot cream equally welL Mr Wright states that the invention is the practical outoome of tbe experimenting done by so many a few ninths ago by borjiug cream in a bag under the soil atd taking it out in 24 hours after made into butter Jorg Jorg North was lately tbe seen of om of those kindly exhibitions of neighborly good will which are known as "working bees" The Wimmcra Star says: Mr Murphy bavirg been ill for aeveral months a number ot bia neighbors attended as arranged between them with 19 tease All were on tbe ground by 20 tributes to 8 a and were quickly at wik ard so well and vigorously was tbe bmicCTs of tbe day carried on that by about 5 tbe paddock oemprieirg 150 acres was thoroughly scarified tarrowed and sown a portion ot the ground beieg gene over a second time The selection and itr provement of seed wheat io a matter wLicb has been frequently referred to in this column Io the latest issue ot the Melbourne Lcadtr we tied that the writer ot "inn epesks on thio subject as follow tie selection and improvement ot ted whtat io yearly receiving greater atten tion tut it may be questioned whether oar wtcat grow' re ere as active in thio direction as car hep treidere are in respect to improving the otaractor and value ot tbeir wool This io not as it should be Seed breeding io of tbe bighert importsnee to the farmera of thio coDcy It ia line that wheat taken from a gcod to a poor soil will yield less than it did on the good farm yet it wul yield more than the se'd grown on the poor soil will yield Hence all charge must be from good to poorer condi tion! if tte party cbargirg is to derive any benefit These charges must be even annual if practicable Stiffness of straw in a weak tort may be increased by selecting tboeeinthe field Chat stand most firmly A ooo rust'd plant in tbe field amid rusted onesill likely have more resistant power tfasu tbore rusted Long full heads are more likely to produce such heads than abort ones Easily tbe field is tbe place to select oar grain tor there we can look the plant in the face Seed can really nevtr be aelected properly except from the plant growing as a study ot tne whole plant A few hours work each year would give no a constantly progressive type ot wheat for each selection however small would soon lx come the baric ot seed for the farm It we will not take thio ns aa only a few will then a leiort to selection of the beat seeds in the granary io tbe next best method All experi ments go to show that dense seeds of a large type atelbe most productive The selection ot thio sort is quite available Borne use salt water which floats out all light seeds This irtthcd will not take out all seeds that are dtete The modern band fanmill wLU do tbie Tbe sieves will grade it into sizes while plenty of wind will blow out tbe light seeds Tbe writer of 11 ield and la the Auttralaeian itateo that be recently met a farmtr who while discrediting much that is said about ensilage by ita advocates believes in it quite as fully aa they He thinks that the states' Dt made at tbe Ensilage OotJerenoe rtctntly held in Melbourne to the effect that a ton ot tbsilage io as goed as a ton of hay ia not correct but at tbe same time be oonsilero the value tothe farmer may be quite aa great The advantages of ensilage to his mind are that the rnrplus grass and many of the spring growths which would not make good bay are suitable for ensilage and the supply of fodder thus cheaply saved possesses a special value as a hied of insurance It insures one against loss of stock and also awrinst tbe losses of a fluctuating market Tbe man who depend entirely upon tbe gross cannot buy stock until tbe rain comes Then everyone wants stock ard he must buy at a high price In the rams way be must sell off his stock at another time because tbe grass ha not grown and aocept Che price ot a tallibg marktt These are the points which he considers make the special value of tnsilsge A hint for our barley growers Mino Ch MicLel states io Che Afrunvtie ot Namar that strong nitrogenous manure the base of which is nitrate o( sxta impart to barley bad quriiti'B for brewing and in proof gives the luUowirg illustration He says that a large Geimen brewer bought for two years 1 000 ent of barley from a grower whose farm has a 5reat reputation for the quality of its barley be gram in question locked very beautiful but when tbe farrt portion of it wm brewed it oily gave an ualeblo Leer The brewer bad tbe barlfy analysed by a chemist of Hohen bsim who fonad the grain too noh ia nitro geoous matter oooaequantir a good bear nonid net bo obtained from iL Tbe fact waa says Mom Micholthe barter has bean manured too heavily with nitrate ot eoda The brewer afterwards sold the remainder ot the grain at a great loss to a distiller Mom Michal adds that all strong manures (such as that of sheep) picduees barley ot bad quality for brewing "There do better breed ot boeaee in the world for working our strong writes a com pond ent to tbe Hark Lant Kxprtu "than the Cleveland bey and the mares if required can breed a good foal every year as wtll I much regret that they are eo acarro emcDgot farmers Where is the animal that can go to ao many different kinds of work Dad do esch so well it not better than many horeee do tbe one they Davs been accai ten ed to and trained tor They will work a Bbiie or a Clydesdale to death on ordinary ploughing land they ora run oar deg carte to market qatte fast enough tor the p'i'Lt Limes either with a heavy load or a light one behind them and as for they breed! tell you geo la mp rt I hey era breed and that ia the beat ot wright carrying hunters and the very best of caie htrs when crossed with tiiorough bred ires Yen each hunters as we now seldom str bat nevertheless' hear about from what us'd to be ibe bard riding men of Cleveland acd Nvrth Yoikhira and most ot the bast cart bors that uied to be sold oat of thi district IS or £0 yara ago were bred off Cleveland mares and by a strong carting etollicr But perhaps unfortunately for the country sod good for iu farmers owing to our A risen cousin bavirg found out the st'rlirg worth of this bet ot all breeds of in fact I may say the only pure bred genual purpore horse we have ia are breeding them to swim the Atlantio instead uf to work our land and take our wive Io every 180 lb of atine (rites a oon temporsrj there are In lb of water 6 lb ot urea 5 lb of pheephate of lime 12 lb of sal ammoniac and mnriateof pots' and ammonia while the solid excrements obtained from one cow aie estimated to manure three times the amcicut Diy farmers will see therefore how io portent it io to have tanks connectedith tbeir shed in which to deposit thia rrateriaL or a good supply of sawdast drj earth or muck fur ahsorbiog it in the gutters cf tbe sheds Urine is more efficient no light soils than on clay lands and strong loams on tbe latter much ot the csibonate ot ammonia is evolved before it cn penetrate into them The Mndgee correspondent of tbe Sydney Mail Borne years ago Mr ranca in traduced into tbe dirtriettha seed of a fodder plant called Hungarian millet and gave tbe teed of one head to Mr Atkinson ot Slasher's lat By careful growing that g'ntterran Dow has six acres of thio most valuable plant growing to a height of 6 feet after only 13 growth It would be mort derivable that the farmers should know the value ol this It much resembles oaten hay ot a coarve growth Cattle ted on it greedily even after it haa become dry Soma ot it bad beea used by tbe shearers of Sladen'o iat for teddirg purposes and after tbeir departure it waslbiown away Although it bad been lain tn for several weeks the cattle and horses gather'd round it atd devoured every blade of it altbcugb the grass in the paddock was plentiful The seed is small aid should be valuable either fowl or canary food betidea wten burked beieg fitted to make paddings similar to sago or arrowroot Two or three crops a year can be grown more it there be no frcit NO REMEDY OR RUST IN WHEAT By rcftosor Bnowff Agrioaltural College Lmgerenong When man professes to make a pieaa of litirg Deluxe proof against nature herself or when he thinks a thing that haa stood tbe changes of thcusands of yean can be swept away cr its defects defied by any sort ot art he fighting sgrioit something higher than bimtelf and must meet with failure fn my formal report of this college and farm I have given a'brief account ot our experience with rurt cn 40 varieties ot wheat in addition to that ot my own in Canada and I om tree enough to repeat here that while there are several mporary antidotes to all there ia no centinuous rpecifio for their attacks There has teen and aill ba for all time a systematic and DDfailirg generation ot all the ids that life of any kind is heir to but this does not imply that ae need nut do anything to ward ur check tbeir 'ffects torn time People should not be taught that they can for ever be relieved of tbeir 'xistecce Ail li'e is full of good and acd 'he total elimination ot any one of th' i as unnktly a that ot tte ptriudicri return other got aed evil things There is do fatalitm in thi iiew a otherwise there would be do power of choice or selection in the wcrld We find the fungoid growth called iot much cn wheat beoause it is a plant worth living open jut so bae tbe best quality ot any fruit most uljt ct to ineet and bird attack aud tbe least valuable invariably passel over It is also ti ue that rut exists upon somn plants unset to ha naked eye acd indeed I bare jtt to know lie possibility of any plant in natate arming and maturing and dying with out having te'O infected by a tongue of some sort trim ibe most minute germ to tbe largest lich'n Bo then rt is best to be plain with faimtrs and admit that no Mience and no experience ot any kind can permanently oombat tbe unseen and tbe unknown in tbe direction otbat murt always be part of our very being bother vegetable nr an inaL Not only ao but tbe teachings of every progressive country during tbe lart quarter of a century have shown that the more intense tbe culture and tbe more (er acre per annum realised through skill the more liable are tbe products of wnrtever sort to enemies for the simple reason that the alter'd conditions are more favorable ground for tbeir development Thjie who study in all its phases know this Lwk at in the present high breeding and mariag'tD'Dt of cattle and even the subject ol cereals iteelf sinoe hybridising waa introduced ba given evidence cf the same thing Will we evtr pet rid gl field weeds! Rust is one ot our atmospheric weeds It will have to be as much an ndlesa battle with the one as with tbe other Experiment test and prove we dnull tborcugbly and always but no use talking of "b'ttirg rid ut iut RUST IN WHEAT Mr Edward Jones ot Notting HilL Victoria andfuimerly residing in Soutn Australia bai written to tbe Melbourne Aye givim? a beatgrower from the year 1851 his ex perience ol rd rust from that period op to 187 both in South Australia rad Victoria rom his personal observations in the past Mr Joses concludes that some of Mr Smith theories will not harmonise with facts The lett'rray first etnetience witb rart ioteat was in tbe year 1816 at a place call'd Point Sturt or Lake Alexandrian near the rrcuth of the Munay Tbe character ot the soil waa a rtd and dark brown sand from 6 inches to 2 feet deep on a limestone root bottom od tbe sbesoak ridgfs and on tbe Arts a thia black mould of about inches on a shelly lime stone slab Uwd to quatry this fur pviug tuh boast) underneath this waa a flaury ant cf ktulf ot a eity nature similar to all tbe low ground in that dutrict I have particaleriud tbe character ot tb is soil with the ob ject of court) ing the idea that the salty soils are absolutely rust at any rate such was tr 'xpetitDce at eint but at the same time we found that it waa no use planting wheat where grata did not grow that beiag a sign that tbe ground was too salty But to retaro to tbe year 1856 I planted 12 acres of White Lsamaawbtat (the favorite wheat in those days) un ibe soil above described in tbe first ek in August in a wet dropping sessou Tte setd was gathered by tbe stripper perfectly free from rust and thoroughly ripe before harvested Tbe result of tbi plaatiaaas a iptendid growth of straw with a good deal of flag on ibe sandy ridges and a tiaer straw with much teas flg cn tbe black fist When reaping time name the straw on tbe tl it actually shone witb brightness like a Leghorn bat while tbat on the ridges was doll and ronriderably affected With runt The four following years my mops were similarly affected alwaja perfectly clean cn tbe Arts and mote or less rusty on tbe ridges th latg't areas of tach every year Toe fitch year I removed to smother farm in the same locality and had the ssnoe result tbe straw on tbe fiats being very white aud bright ootnparel to tbat on the ridges aven when the latter was not affect'd by rest In tbe year 18ul I re moved to tbe plains on tbe Sturt River near Adelaide Tbe soil tb re is brown alluvial anl ltd If am or part tf my first crop I iught three bags of what was then known as Prolific a local wheat 1 planted tai Ju a on 12 aaes Tbie was badly affected rust All tbe ether about 1 iU acres was free excepting a touch of take all but Ias to pleased with the regular growth of wheat tbat I saved and planted lift) acres with tbe shrivelled seed and harvested tbe best all round crop ot wheat tbat 1 ever grew tbe yield being close on to 30 bushels to tbe acre and not a touch cf rust ia tbe whole crop Tbe following year I suffered consider ably in (be late sown put in on a wet bottom ibereaa tbe early town was free from red i rust but was badly affected with black rurt or take a)L After this I grew wheat hr hay barley and Cspe oate and had nu more personal i xptritnee witb wheat growing on the Adelaide I side The year after I gave up farming in Adelaide waa known aa ttes rusty year when nearly all tbe crops throughout tbe colony were so badly affected as to beoome a national I calamity aud in consequence a royal oom I mitriin was appointed te enquire into tbe I enure and to find if possible a remedy Now the way this cqsduumuid went to wok bad the merit of having vigor and life in it tney wrote i tett're to ml tbe lutijing farmers tn every part ol tfi0oJocy akugeach aaswec a nuLt 1 plain question Anag taese were the sort of toil the time of Renting' and most particularly the name of the orjieotl aed the yield and quality Of oouroo a1 thio ia on record in South Aurtralia and om ot tbe conolurioru the oommiaaion arrivad at (the only one that I remember) was that White Tuscan wm tbe best rust proof wheat then grown Purple Straw taking second the Lsmaas and "Velvet very subject and the Golden Drop about the worst ot alL On the strength of thia ooodarion by the commission I made the Purple Straw my favorite wbat as bring a far superior yialder to tbe Tasoau although not quite so safe for a rusty year Thu I grew in tbe Wimmera dutrict for some years with the greatest success and a sample grown from my seed took tbe first prize at the Melbourne Exhibition 1880 and gold cap at Amsterdam tbe year after Tbe June aud July plantinge at tbe Wimmera were always more liable to rust than tbe April and May cute and I believe tbe cause to be that tbe straw had dos sufficient time to baideu or take in enough silica before the rusty weather set in which ia about the time the wheat io in bloom All fast growing plants are tender and tbe beat in October forces tbe late sown wheats on too fast ao tbat they are unable to reait di'ease as well as those which have been longer maturing To sum up tbe following i tbe reault of my experience That rusty it good that White Tuscan and Purple titiaw are bert rust resisters tbat soil of a rally nature i nut proof tbat drainage has LotbiDg to do wiihnut tbat windy weather from tte time of bloom tilt the wheat changes color is almost a sure antidote to rart that soairg on a dty bed does not prodace rnl aa seif rown crops are generally the freest that April and May are the best mouths and it off as soon as tbe wheat commences to stool not for tbe bent fit of the sheep but the good ol the crop tbat in tbe earliest periods uf hat growing in the colonies tbe crop was alwaja baud leaped btforeit waa dead ripe jtt from Ibis whtat did not produce rust io fact the utrsiy tetm to bare revolted and finally that only by adding salina ingre diLta in proper proportion can rust ba cod qceied or kept within bound COMMON DISORDERS AECTING CATTLE (rom tbe Mark Lant Exprett UCXBATtn AND C0NTC81D WOVNM The degrees of eeverity may perhaps be can veniently set forth after Profeesor Law He divid'S them into 1st simple toss of hair aud slight abrasion cf the acarf skin or what the hotiemsn generally describes aa a 2nd a eevere bruise of the skin without lacera te 3td a wound extending no deeper than the skin 4 lb a wound laying baee the tendons and opening Iheirsbeatbs 5th a wound laying open the joint and exposing the bones with oritbeut Irceration of the tendons and 6tb hen tbe joint io open and the small boaes of tbe knee broken With be last two wa have nothing to broken bones are holly incurable and open joint generaBy so la the case ot a valuable kept cr tbat can be kept for breading lurpotK we might try what it iopootible to do with an open jiot but complete restoration to utefulnrse so far ao work is concerned is hopeless for even it we stop the fijw of 'juLviaand iodace b' alieg ancbylusi or stiff joint is always the result Sack a case if undertaken is outside the scope ot amateur surgtry A wourd the first degree a simple loss ot hair with )' or requires nottiog more than sponging withaim water aud a little iiat Balaam The tiue i km is net injured nor are the hair follicles destroy'd so tbat there need be no anxiety about a penxun'ut blemish Nu contusion itbeut breaking the needs tbe oniaal'a h'ad to be tied so tbat it cannot get doun and a free application of a lotion Sugar ot had uz tiucluie of arnica 2 oz water to 14 pints Io No where the skin ia the knee 'sbiold be bent to the position in which tbe wound was received eo tbat the deeper io juries may correspond with tbe superficial and by irrigation from above all foreign bodies such as diit gravel ia sbculd be removed There io no cetd to touch the wound nor should it be probed about ao there io risk of opening cavitieo which have not been injured The water stould be sqarezad from above from a dean sponge atd allowed to trickle gently through tbe wound The edgea should then be fcrorgbt together by si ripe ol planter collodion cr tow dipped io a spirituous eolation ot th'llsa Pin sutures or otitebee should never be used for wounded knees as they are almost eue to be torn cut oanog to movement ot the joint Lile in any case they increase the bl' wish A light bandage may be put on and Ibe b'd should be secured It there io 'ellirg and evident iuflammation this bandage 'kxuld be remov'd and tbe parts dressed With a lotion ct carbolic acid 1 drachm to each quait of water In No 4 where the tendon is exposed and its buna opened sod there io in about 24 hours sd 'scape ot tbe glairy fluid called synovia or joint most not rush to the conclusion ibat th're ia an open int tor the bursa ot tbe tetdcnbaoDo communication witb the joint end a good recovery may be made despite tbie foimidable looking discharge Practically the tr'atii'ut ia tbe same ai in No 3 although the swtlbny syn pathetic fever and general con stitutional dielutbance will be greater In all casea ot badly injured knees a dose of physic ia beneficial and this should be given at the outlet K'rt ia most eareutiaL and in all cates where (here is laceration and especially txpoied tendon it ia advisable to put the limo into 'pliiits leaving tte wound uncovered ao as to ao far as possible discourage movement Except to keep tbe wound clean tbe less inter ference with it the leave considerably to Dale re A very good lotion to employ io one of Chloride ot 10 grains water 8 oz 3 his is both antiseptic and calculated to prevent profuse grauulaticne Ualess a wound is veiy dirty we do not advocate poultices as the teat and moirtare promote soft granule tii no which presently become troublesome anl oi'ttop the surfao? causing a bumpy knee When Ibis happens they ihoald be sternly reprtt itd by rubbing them down with a piece uf Milphate ot orpper Tbis is britfly tte treatment in ordinary cares tut as before remarlied there is scope lor g' bias ia the management ol ouch cases and vtry special means bava to be adopt'd to meet special developments HOME MADE ERTILISER Ground blood bone aod wood ashes will make a complete tertiliaer tor all crops (writes a agri cultural journal) becaute the articles furniih rrep'div'ly nitrogen phosphoric acid and potatb tbe principal elements cf plant food and the cues which give to all manures and fertilisers tbeir chief value Tbe bone tliould be fine gioucd and it the fertiliser is to be immediately available to crops should be partial dissolved with sulphuric acid or by composting some weeks with unleached wood ashes Goud dried bl ord will cents io 12 lb of nitrogen in 100 lb of the blocd 10U lb of pure fine ground bone will contain at least 3 lb of nitrogen and 22 lb of phosphoric acid lOOunleacbed wood ashes ill contain 2 lb of ihotpborio aeid and 6 lb of pota or a good complete phosphate Lr crops a mixture 100 lb of which shall contain from 24 lb to 3 lb of nitrogen 8 lb to 10 Its uf ftorpboric acid and 3 lb to 5 lb of potash will be requited Tbe best method tor bring it totes to a breakable condition is to make a strong lye ot wood ashes and keep the bones in it until sufficiently softened Wood ashes are an excellent fertiliser for sweet potatoes strawbeniee and all fruit crops Usually the bert way io to apply them broadcast aud barrew them in or they cau be sown in tbe rw std cultivated in Witb sweet potatoes the wood athea can be applied in tbe ridge before they are made or broadcast Tcey are not much of a protection against insects on fiuit trees except tbat they cause tbe tree to grow more vigorously and thus render them able to resist tbe attacks of tbe insects Tbe ashes left after burning wood consist simply ot tbe mineral matter which is oontained in tbe weed These ashes are composed mainly of lime potash phosphoric acid and magnesia Of ccuiee on equal weight ot wood asbes is much concentrated than the wooa or saw dust alone Thia explains why ICO lb ot ashes ate much richer aud ot more value as a fertiliser than 100 lb of awdut which may Dot produce more than 10 lb of aabes ENSILAGE The following plain directions tor making a silage stack ot 80 tons are oondemed from a Bcotcb paper Tbe rilage made aooordiae to these directions was pronounced to be an exoel l(Dt sample Select fonr beams 13 feet long atd 8 inches square to the ends uf wbiab bolt Ibe ratchet drams Tbe beams are placed in tbe ground 3 leet apart from centre to centre Ibe upper surface of tbe beams being flush with the giound Upon the beams lay a number of routd sapling 8 inches or 4 inches io diameter 1'bgthwise (to across tbe beams) aud oIsm trg'Uer for the purpose ot keeping tbe frais tfiltesciL Upon this foundation the silage stark is built As the grass is forked on tbe slack it should be evenly spread out by hand and trimly trampled down especially near tbe tdgeo which it io desirable to attend to pioptrly Tbe last few loads should be placed ud Ibe middle of tbe stack ao aa to give the top a peak sbape to (brow off the rain Tbe ropes are now lhion over it and the drams tighten'd tiffiaeutiy to guide the stack kiiaipht down in settling and to prevent cantiug The object bring the manufacture ut as distinguished from 'tuilsge several days are allowed for the tetuitiattue to rise sufficiently before tbe ptteiuie io finally appUsd It well troden down in tte buboiog the heating will La gradual and slow so tbat a week willlspe iM tuie tbe temperature rise to 175 Csgi" ahr tbu slack Using tested daily With a atsca tLumoaivUr It rauuU indicate tha al ore ten priatwe at abuut 3 feat horn tae top DEEC i iVE OiriiG I of the stank when hottest the tempsrstare of the other parte varying down 0 about 140 degrees At this point the tall pressure should be vigorously applied all slack rope being taken up twios dally aa tbe stack settles down It is scarcely necessary to explain that tbe object tn allowing this temperature to develop beiore itnplyiBg tbe pressure (which byexdad Dg the air puts an end to the beating process) io to destroy tbe gernm ot fermentation whiob if allowed to operate would produce sour rilage" the process ot making it being analcgons to tbe scalding of milk to prevent scuttDg Should more grass be put on the stack say after a few weeks a tew inches must off fcad thia will be found to be sbgbtly moulded but tbe mould will disappear if this is spread out on the ground and may be again med for the top of the stack When again fully press'd it should be thatched or otherwise covered If the aides of the stack bave been well in tbe building Us waste will scarcely be more than that of bay Tbe xpense of oilage making is unitora in all reasonoand weather the farmer in a position to harvest hie crop at time whan its nutritive properties are the greatest whereas in hay making the crops bave frequently ta stand owiog to unfavorable weather until over ripe sod comparatively innutritious the loss being more serious under this bead than i generally realised as analysis of the same crop at different stag's of ripeness have proved STOCK OR THE ARM No 'abject in connection with farming is ot greater importance or detetving of more cu ndtiation and careful selection than the stock acd no part of the management of the majority uf Victorian farma i more generally neglected How tore it is to fiod a really good daia of foim hotter a well bred herd of milking cove or a flick uf breedlog eives frombich any uoe poaseuiog a knowledge oftep would expect goal results while witb regard to pigs it woald really oeetn at though it were beneath tbe dignity of mist far is to pay any attention to those prolific aod profitable aninals Here aud there a farmer ia tutt ith who recognises the importance ot bavirg bia farm stocked witb animate ot a sup'rior class but such men form a small miuciity of the firming community and their example excellent though it is seems to effect but little general goud On the maj ity uf farma tbe owners lock upon stock as oeiog of far leu in portaoce than tbe crops The domi nant idea on most northern farms ia to gat in so much wheat as possible io a given time tegatdlesa of whether the soil is iu a fit coodi ticn to produce remunerative yields or not The horses are usually the best class of stock kept though aa a rale there ia room tor much improvement in them bat tbe cattle are generally a nondescript lot having no preten tious to goed breeding aud in the maj jritv of cases are unsuitable for tbe dairy and cauaot be profitably fattened for the butcher It sheep are kept fur breeding purposes they are fre quently of a kind that no pattoralirt would hive cn bia statico because neither tbe wool nor the lambs reach anything like a high standard ol excellence On every farm a herd ot well bred milking cattle thculd be kept It is not necessary that tbe animate should be pedigreed Breeders of this class of stock expect high prices for tbeir cattle and the expenditure ol a large amount of capital would have to be incurred if the farmer stt abunt becoming posseaied ot a pedigreed herd Bet it ia ncoeteary that a claas of cow 'hutild be kept from which it may be reasonably 'xp'cted a profitable return will be obtained hr tbe quantity of fodder contained A ooa tiderable divenity of opinion prevail regard ing tbe most profitable class of cattle to keep on a faim and tte admirers of different breed bave each something to say in favor of tbeir particular farcy Many fa'intra who have given tbe matter tome consideration are ot opinion that the cow for tbe farm should be a large fram'd ao mal which when her period ot uiefulutca for tbe dairy is over can be readily fattened for the butcher Those who think io this way pin tbeir frith to the Bhorthora or Hereford breeds crosses from which come nearest to their ideal of whac a oiw should be In my opinion this ia a mistake The arguments in favor of the large framed animal which when fat is valuable from a batcher's pcint of view may have had some weight before the colony became thickly settled aod when the run for the cattle was rarely confined to tbe freehold ot rented land actually held by the fanner Circ*mstances are now very d'f ferent 7 he area of tbe holdings is much re stricted and it has be come a matter cf momeat fur foinvta to make the best are of their pa'tutt Milk nut beef should bi tne ulj ct teld steadily in view aud ths fattening ot cattle is best le't to those whu have poisratirn of large tracts uf cmutty A embinatien of beef procuring and milk ing qualities in the same animal i rarely net i'h aud it is a hopeless task foe farmers to etray tbe breedieg cf cattle tbat will be equally good for the dairy cr tbe shup The better plan is to cLfiua to tue eotablithment of a LerJ of some recvuid milking breed such a the Ayrshire er rs Abinkis of these s' rains have for many genera tioas betn bred ith a view of increasing tbeir milkieg qualities and eliminating tbe prints which ere cbaracttrieticuf the best beef proluj ing breeds Thus instead of the heavy well packed sfarulder deep bri ket and broad crops ot tbe bref producer tbe ideal milking cow io kcoan by the short head prominent eye straight reck free from loose skin fine shoulder sharp chine arched and deep ribs straight Lack lerg quarters aod wide hook bone frivirg plenty of storage room underneath fur tte milk A dairy cow is mod valuable between the ages of 4 and 9 years and the most profitable animal is the one whiob during that time ccuveita the greatest proportion of the feed cr Dsumed into milk Many nows of beef prcducirg bleed milk well but they coat more to keep than animate cf recognised milking strains consequently they ate not ao profitable The quality of tbe milk too ia a matter nut to be overlooked and tbe acknowledged ricbneM ot tbat obtained from cattle that have been bred threupb many generations for tbeir value in the dairy mast be taken into consideration The bert advice therefore to give farmers ia to in prove tbeir herds by the introduction of good ilkirg strains and avoid attempting the com bination of milk and beef producing qualities in tte same animal Life ia too abort for carrying out 'xperiir'ntaof thia kind it ia better there fore to devote attention to what ia eay and certain of accomplishment if the proper msani are taken namely a general and muh needed improv' me nt in dairy herds While cn the eabject of breeding for tbe dairy it will Dot be out of place to impress upon farmers theutcra'ity for paying more attention to tbe important in tter of feeding It ia quite the ercepticn to bod fodder specially grown for the milking cows on a farm They have as a rale to depend solely on the natural pasture sod when as froqueotly happens io a dry Seaton the supply tails abort the unfortunate auimate are reduced to the verge of starvation This is very bud management A milking cow partakra of much the character of a machine the mi produced beirg proportionats to the quantity cf fodder consumed and it ia therefore bt vital importance tbat proper feeding ahould not be neglected A portion of tbe farm should be t't apart every year for the purpose of growing fedd'r for tbe dairy heid This can be pre serv'd in tbe form of enailage and given to tbe cows at the time of year when they meat re quire it Any expenditure incurred in thio way will be found to be an excellent invest ment and will be returned in tbe form of iLcrtattd milk and butter yields lartead of being profitable for only about four months in tbe year tbe cows if fed properly will milk fet nice months and produce rich milk at the time ard io addition a large quantity of batterill be made at a time of year when the pro duct is scarce and dear Ao with cattle so also with sheep the obj'Ct tboold be to become possessed of a flock that will return him a good crop of early maturing lambs and wool of such quality tbat a remunerative price tor it era be counted upon Sheep breeding even upon a small scale may be turned to profitable aeooant while at tbe same tine it mast not be forgotten the animate are indirectly profitable on aooouot ot tbeir artfulness in assisting to keep the culti vated lands tree from weeds Whether it ia teat to go in tor merinos or longwools will depsnd entirely upon tbe class of country and tbe climate Merino will not sucoeed in cold and wet districts as they become subject to foot rot and several other disease but on the northern plains or in fact in any warm dutricthere tbe rainfall is below say 25 inches per aenum tbe merinovill thrive In cold and wet localities where tbe grass grows long and tbs night dews are heavy longwools will be found more suitable and should be given tbe prefer 'nee As a gtnerai rule it will be found better for farmers to confine tbeir attention to pare breeding ewea Probably tbe beet and most i profitable sheep to breed are ermsbreda that ia I rhe first eroaa between the merino ewes anl the luDgwoollsd ram Wool from this description uf strep always brings a high price aod the value of the animals for mutton ia relatively great It ia a comparatively easy natter to obtain a good lot ot pure merino eues as it is the custom of nranywell known the bretden to annually sell largo drafts of their flock ewea By securing as many of these a be and they nan generally be obtain'd at a reasonable the farmer is tnabted to begin profitable sheep breeding at cnee If crossbreds are desired a good long colled ram not too large or eoar should be procured and pus tothe ewe The progenyill be found excellent for tbe butcher and profitable for ooh Tbe first cross is the best sbd it 1 not desirable to rarry it farther Tb jcuDg rhetp should be all sold and when it ia necessary to renew tbe flock another draft of ewes sbunld be purchased Ao breeding to luKgwooUed rams ia severe on merino ewes itill be found desirable to take ouly two or at mo't three lambs from them after which they should be fatten'd and told Toe crow from tbe n'rioo ram and tbe looRwoolled eweis very profitable absep tbat wul thrive wall tn almost suy das ot couutey bus it is difficult to ibUn (Uiu tables uf (hit da i 11 II13 cbjsqk INAC is tbe at a floekof pure mimC great care mart exercised ia tbe eeteotiM ei males Aa already' obtained without bog5 troubta bat in aeteote ing rams to mate witb experience or advice of an experiened breeder who fit actually seen the tbefp can dIom be relied npoa Tbe whole of the slock on the what ever it may consist of should be goi ot ite kind Land has now become too valaabM hM the area ot holdings too restricts to admit ot inferior animal being kept with profit It costs as much often more to keep a bad animal as a good oar therefore farmers should eudeavur to breed only the best aod suitable for tbeir circ*mstances Thia matter haa hitherto been sadly uegleeted aud it te hih tin a charge for tfae better was Agri cultural Itepoiter of Melbourne Leader A NEW PmTATO PLANTER Alatei'sueof the Iestem Morning Heun ccutaics a description of a new mechanical po tato planter Tne new English machine io itus d'feribed Interesting experimentsrt rta a tew days ago on the farm ot Mr yoP CO Merafield Plymptow With the Aspinwall potato planter It differs from ibe few planters already shown in England in ranrg an eiosltent arrangement for dutribat rg mam re It is tbe first ot its kind used in Ergland and is introduced by tbe Western Counties Agricultural Co operative Association Generally speakitg tbe machine is drawn by a pair ol horsts and can be managed by one tran To the front and one aide "there is an attachment which marks out tbe next row to be Behind this an iron forms a furrow and to tbe rear of this is a revolving wheel cn wbicb several grippers are fixed These grippers ean be varied in number accord ing to the distance allowed between the po tatces As tbe wheel turns round it entero a bex which contains the seed and by the action ul someapriugs tbe potato io forced between the grippers aud carried round until it ootnesia contact with a lever which removes the seed and allows it to fall into the ground Running through the centre of the seed box there is a manure holder aud as the potato falls into the giound a thin layer of earth covers it then tbe manure ia distributed over it aod a couple of iron scrapers in the rear of the ms cbiie oover thio witb eciL Taken altogether it io cue ot tbe moat simple and perfect agri cultural implemeDtsever io vented The various part fate most ingeniously arranged and all fceieg self acting au ordinary laborer would exptsi'Dce no difficulty in working it Mr Vusper well known aa a highly successful and 'Dt'rprisiDg farmer waa much pleased witb the reeulta cf the triaL Tbe potatoes can be planted to any depth up to 6 inches the distance be tween each seed being regulated from 10 inches to 26 inch's and tbe rows up to 3 feet apart Mr Vesper considered it the best ditribator of manure he had ever seen and as a man anl a pair of horses could plant about three acres daiiy when set at the ordinary distance the machines'll! no doubt oome into general use aid be highly valued for tbe quantity ot work it docs the excellent way in which it is carried cut ard the extreme simplicity of its qoa slraa'it The Coeerrvotor of orests informs us that tbe applications from farmers for trees for planting have been more exteorive during the present Mason than in any which has precede! it A meetirg of about 40 shareholders ot the Kondopanega Butter actory aud Produce Ct mpauy Limit' was held at tbe Oddfellows Ball Mtadows on Saturday May 31 The mtmoraBdum of association was passed aud the regulations for the management of tbe company agreed to while Messrs Dash weed MP Usher sen Adam Nottage and Nottuge were elected dit'Ctore ortkdtirre GARDENING OPERATIONS OR THE WEEK The Plains lcwxb The oordero will now be in nice erudition fir planting out all varieties cf haidy plants and annuals and perennials Give a little water to each at the time of plant ing Separate from the old plants any routed byits ol verbenas they moat ba planted aa quickly aa poisible aa the roots perish very quickly If carefully done this is a far better melhcd of propagation by than cuttings aa ths plants seen become established and commsaM fltwerirg much eailur than the cuttings Mure these may be layered Plant out toot'd cuttings ol show and ronala P'largcniume calceolarias of the ahrabUy varitli'S petunias panties gasaneac and fyi'ltium Bow hardy annaau ia the open idera some of the bast are 10 weeka stocks patthe anuuri chrysanthemums diauthoa gcd'lia Itcatia nemophita phlox doub lobelia linutn and lobelia Pteut tulba cf tulips I yaciuthe crocus any of the Dareifsii exalts gladiolus snowflake ixia 'paiaii aud tubers ot anemone rraauoulaa Ac Tbe biidtra should be hoed Mrelully if tet deg at once to destroy the first crop of wetdr which will save a lot of labor in weeding later cn the border will tb'D cut require to be dug eo early which io a great advantage aa late digging 'hould always be practised if possible so that tbe soil may be left in a light friable condition for the summer Transplant evergreen trees aud sbiubs and separate rooted layers that ere put down lart season Now is a good time to layer all varieties of those trees and shrubs that esu be propagated thia way These are cecnotku bothafriosna audazareus the sweet bay ccmmon laurel box cactus dependant mefatevidiensir fijus coprotma the privets veronicas 'uenymou camellias Ac The branch's or sbeut' should be buried at the deepest puts about 8 inches deep and the soil trod firmly above them pegs being used to keep them down If there is much swing in tte brat ch before bending down cut off with a sharp knife a strip of bark at the spot where it is d'tired it should root a crilose will at cnee form from which tbe roots are emitted Dress tbe ratface of grass lawns with rich soil or fine decayed manute It these are not ob tainable 'prickle some flue bonedart over tbe grate rail if tbe surface soil be caked and bard testify it over wilh a sharp pointed bug toothed rake aud although it may tear up the grass in places it will cause a better growth scon after It also helps to bury the soil or mature bich will then act more quickly on the toots Boll lightly afterwards ecit No time should be lost in pro psiing ground for planting tbe earlier trees are planted now tbe better chance they will have to get establuht before the hoteatler rets in Trees planted before the grouLd hsa got cold commence immediately to throw out fine fibrous routs thus they become at nce partly established Lte planted trees it those put in or later have a bard struggle to exist through the summer and many die Plant early aud there will be Itttte or do Dttd for watering Prune all kinds of of trees a the leaves tall the trimmings should be gathered up at once and burned then if D'ctuary the diggieg may be commeuoed Cat back any trees intended for grafting lay in the ground any cuttings of apple and pear for grafts Have ready day or wax in readiness for gtaftirg ranc early vines plant cuttings if required early varieties may be planted Ia preparing land for vines it should if possible bo broken up 15 inches deep Where targe vine yards are to be formed holes 2 feet io diamster and 15 inches deep will give tbe vines a good start and good deep ploughing be twetn if done annually will be sufficient We'ds ate very iojtuioaa to vines and advantages 'bould be taken ot fine days to keep tbe band or bombee at work so ao to destroy the bulk of tbe weeds while they ara in a Weeds if allowed to grow large injure the lower foliage and tbe young fruit bunches weaktDirg them asd making the vias mure liable to diteatea Prepare land for pleating oranges in the sptieg It is too late Co plant any of tbe citrons tune at least no advantageuuld be gained as although tbe trees might exiat through the winter there would be 00 growth made aod the trees bad better remain uudikluib'd in the nursery until September Thoroughly ruoEure and work tbe ground now and ty planting time it will be in nice condi Hud Layers ul both lemons and oranges may 1 put doo No pruning ot these era very'll be done until the crop is gathered Sap I uit branch's tbat are Likely to split off 1 hhocgb ibis should never be required as roper prcuiug and tbiuDiog of the crop shoal! 1'tcer item silt supporting Almonds should 1 ptCD'd at once Thin cut tbe main branches no id the cate of tbe spreading varietiesa put aty uf the smaller branches should ba lak'n cut This entails no loos of crop as the fruit rets better acd is sure to be touch ItigM wbitb makes a great difference to its market value Prune fig trees thin ibe branches severely 004 much fear of overdoing chia The targnr tbe foliage of a tree tbe thinner should the branchra be allowed to grow Pat ia euttinga ut ttee ather large branches may be put id ir Afertl ug they ahould be aa straight pi Mibie and all side shoots ahould be enk iff Tlue need to be kept watered tbroogte tletunwer Loquat treea may bo planted a4 layers put down There trees should liherrily tn snored and dug round each nearer Tb'y should dow be pruned allowing plenty of icctn betw'tn tbe brioches KiitHXN Plant lettuce uvuli flower onloM leeks aabbage save Bcsteh kale pAistey aed endive sow turnips Mira radish peas broad beans carrot parsnip rod aud white best mustard and Stoss spiMch sud ItUuce diride globe artiohakss and make ttw plaDiaiMWs PlaM three rterea ta each clump retting them 8 taahee apart Mlh a spaoa of 3 tert between Mch otaiBn Tait pleat r'qaiies a ep neh noL Xt Skill than produce large DUmbera ol fist ba Divide aqd 51G.

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About Chronicle Archive

Pages Available:
213,993

Years Available:
1858-1954
Chronicle from Adelaide, South Australia, Australia (2024)

FAQs

What is special about Adelaide Australia? ›

Today, Adelaide is known by its many festivals and sporting events, its food and wine, its coastline and hills, its large defence and manufacturing sectors and its emerging space sector, including the Australian Space Agency being headquartered here.

What is the main newspaper in Adelaide? ›

The Advertiser is a daily tabloid format newspaper based in the city of Adelaide, South Australia. First published as a broadsheet named The South Australian Advertiser on 12 July 1858, it is currently a tabloid printed from Monday to Saturday.

Why do people come to Adelaide? ›

Adelaide has many fine restaurants, cafes, shopping centres, and attractions on offer. The city will keep you entertained all year round! If you're looking to buy a house on a budget, Adelaide is most definitely the way to go. The current median house price for metropolitan Adelaide is $480,000.

What is Adelaide Australia named after? ›

Named for Queen Adelaide, consort of the British king William IV, it was incorporated as Australia's first municipal government in 1840, but the city council ran into considerable debt and became defunct in 1843.

What is Adelaide known for food? ›

Adelaide Food: Seafood

King George whiting, Coffin Bay oysters, and king prawns are just a few of the most commonly served seafood in Adelaide. The oysters are typically eaten raw in the half-shell but you can get them grilled or fried as well. Whiting is often served whole as a snack or filleted and fried.

What is the best month to visit Adelaide? ›

Autumn is between the months of March to May. Autumn is a great time to visit Adelaide. There's a lot of sunshine and the weather usually stays in the low to mid 20s. Autumn colours are best seen in the Adelaide Hills and the reds and oranges peak around Anzac Day.

How much is the Sunday mail in Adelaide? ›

List of newspapers in South Australia by circulation
NewspaperTown/regionRetail price
Sunday MailAdelaide, Statewide$2.70
The Advertiser (Monday-Saturday)Adelaide, Statewide$1.40
Northern Messenger$0.00
Weekly Times Messenger$0.00
40 more rows

What is Australia's main newspaper? ›

The Sydney Morning Herald is the most-read newspaper in Australia, with over eight million readers as of 2021.

Who owns the Australian newspaper? ›

Parent companies

The Australian is published by News Corp Australia, an asset of News Corp, which also owns the sole daily newspapers in Brisbane, Adelaide, Hobart, and Darwin, and the most circulated metropolitan daily newspapers in Sydney and Melbourne. News Corp's Chairman and Founder is Rupert Murdoch.

Why are people leaving South Australia? ›

“There are predominantly two factors encouraging the younger demographic to leave South Australia – lifestyle and career opportunities. “Adelaide's CBD in particular has made some ground in recent times on the lifestyle front, punctuated by the State Government's vibrancy and activation agenda.

Is Adelaide a religious city? ›

One of the founding pillars of the city was that of religious tolerance and Adelaide quickly became a prime example of religious freedom during its early days. It is for this reason Adelaide became known as the City of Churches.

Is Adelaide a good place to live? ›

The city presents diverse employment opportunities, especially in sectors like technology, health, and education. Adelaide is renowned for its festivals, arts, and culinary diversity. From beaches to hills, the city is surrounded by natural beauty, offering a great outdoor lifestyle.

What is Adelaide best known for? ›

Accessible experience highlights: Adelaide is known for its scenic national parks that are brimming with wildlife, and many of these offer accessible facilities. The stunning Adelaide Hills wine region also promotes stellar accessible and inclusive experiences to explore.

Which queen was named Adelaide? ›

Queen of William IV and eldest daughter of George, Duke of Saxe-Coburg Meiningen.

What is Adelaide sister city to? ›

Adelaide currently has five sister cities: Christchurch, New Zealand (signed in 1972); George Town, Malaysia (1973); Himeji, Japan (1982); Austin, USA (1983); and Qingdao, China (2014). The agreements promote diplomatic visits, educational exchanges and commercial ties between two cities.

Why is Adelaide called the 20 minute city? ›

Adelaide is famed as the '20-minute city' since almost everything is just 20 minutes away from the city centre – including the beaches.

What is an interesting fact about Adelaide? ›

Things to know about Adelaide
  • It's a UNESCO City of Music. ...
  • It has many independent markets. ...
  • It's a wine capital of the world. ...
  • It's nicknamed the '20 minutes city' ...
  • It is one of the best places in the world to buy opals. ...
  • It is built on the traditional lands of the Kaurna people. ...
  • Coffee is a pretty big deal.
Oct 18, 2023

Why should people visit Adelaide? ›

The rolling vineyards, picturesque heritage towns and great climate make for a luxurious getaway, and for wine enthusiasts, cellar door wine tasting is the order of the day. Most wineries offering tastings and tours and many have excellent restaurants – ideal for a long, lazy al fresco lunch.

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